Loading...

英语单词构词法 (2)后缀

2007-01-06 15:03:53 发表于英语学习 本文链接: 英语单词构词法 (2)后缀

1. 名词后缀

(1) 具有某种职业或动作的人
1)-an, -ain, 表示”……地方的人,精通……的人”American, historian,
2)-al, 表示”具有……职务的人” principal,
3)-ant,-ent, 表示”……者” merchant, agent, servant, student,
4)-ar, 表示”……的人” scholar, liar, peddler
5)-ard, -art, 表示”做……的人”coward, laggard, braggart(夸张者)
6)-arian, 表示”……派别的人, ……主义的人”humanitarian, vegetarian
7)-ary, 表示”从事……的人” secretary, missionary
8)-ant, 表示”具有……职责的人” candidate, graduate
9)-ator, 表示”做……的人” educator, speculator(投机者)
10)-crat, 表示”某种政体,主义的支持者” democrat, bureaucrat
11)-ee, 表示”动作承受者” employee, examinee
12)-eer, 表示”从事于……人” engineer, volunteer
13)-er, 表示”从事某种职业的人, 某地区,地方的人” banker, observer, Londoner, villager
14)-ese, 表示” ……国人,…..地方的人”Japanese, Cantonese
15)-ess, 表示”阴性人称名词, actress, hostess, manageress
16)-eur, 表示”……家” amateur, littérateur
17)-ian, 表示”……地方人,信仰…….教的人,从事……职业的人”Christian, physician(内科医生),musician
18)-ician, 表示”精通者, ……家,”electrician, magician, technician
19)-icist, 表示”……家, …….者, …….能手”physicist, phoneticist, technicist
20)-ic, 表示”……者,……师” mechanic, critic
21)-ie, 表示”爱,指小” dearie, auntie, lassie(小姑娘)
22)-ier, 表示”从事……职业” cavalier, clothier, brazier(黄铜匠)
23)-ine, ian, 表示”阴性人称” heroine, ballerina
24)-ist, 表示”从事……研究者,信仰……主义者” pianist, communist, dentist, artist, chemist
25)-ive, 表示”动作者,行为者” native, captive
26)-logist, 表示”……学家,研究者” biologist, geologist(地质学家)
27)-or, 表示”……者” author, doctor, operator,
28)-ster, 表示”做…….事情的人”youngster, gamester(赌徒),songster
29)-yer, 表示” 从事……职业者” lawyer
(2). 构成,具有抽象名词的含义
1)-acy, 表示”性质,状态,境遇” accuracy, diplomacy
2)-age, 表示”状态,行为,身份及其结果,总称” courage, storage, marriage
3)-al,???? a) 表示”事物的动作,过程”refusal, arrival, survival, denial, approval
b) 表示具体的事物manual, signal, editorial, journal
4)-ance, -ence表示”性质,状况,行为,过程,总量,程度” endurance, importance, diligence, difference, obedience
5)-ancy, -ency, 表示”性质,状态,行为,过程” frequency, urgency, efficiency,
6)-bility, 表示”动作,性质,状态” possibility, feasibility,
7)-craft, 表示”工艺,技巧” woodcraft, handicraft, statecraft(治国策)
8)-cracy, 表示”统治,支配” bureaucracy, democracy
9)-cy, 表示”性质,状态,职位,级别” bankruptcy(破产),supremacy
10)-dom, 表示”等级,领域,状态” freedom, kingdom, wisdom
11)-ery, -ry, 表示”行为,状态,习性” bravery, bribery, rivalry
12)-ety, 表示”性质,状态” variety, dubiety(怀疑)
13)-faction, -facture, 表示”作成,……化,作用” satisfaction, manufacture
14)-hood, 表示”资格,身份, 年纪,状态” childhood, manhood, falsehood
15)-ice, 表示”行为,性质,状态” notice, justice, service
16)-ine, 表示”带有抽象概念” medicine, discipline, famine
17)-ing, 表示”动作的过程,结果” building, writing, learning
18)-ion, -sion, -tion, -ation, -ition, 表示”行为的过程,结果,状况” action, solution, conclusion, destruction, expression, correction
19)-ise, 表示”性质,状态” exercise, merchandise(商业)
20)-ism, 表示”制度,主义,学说,信仰,行为” socialism, criticism, colloquialism, heroism
21)-ity, 表示”性质,状态,程度” purity, reality, ability, calamity
22)-ment, 表示”行为,状态,过程,手段及其结果 treatment, movement, judgment, punishment, argument
23)-mony, 表示”动作的结果,状态” ceremony, testimony
24)-ness, 表示”性质,状态,程度” goodness, kindness, tiredness, friendliness
25)-or, -our, 表示”动作,性质,状态” favor, error,
26)-osity, 表示”动作,状态” curiosity
27)-ship, 表示”情况,性质,技巧,技能及身份,职业” hardship, membership, friendship
28)-th, 表示”动作,性质,过程,状态” depth, wealth, truth, length, growth
29)-tude, 表示”性质,状态,程度” latitude, altitude(海拔)
30)-ure, 表示”行为,结果” exposure, pressure, failure, procedure(手续),
31)-y, 表示”行为的结果,状态,性质” glory, history, victory, inquiry
(3) 带有场所,地方的含义
1)-age, 表示”住所,地点” village, cottage
2)-ary, 表示”住所,场地” library, granary (谷仓)
3)-ery, ry, 表示”工作场所,饲养所,地点” laundry, nursery, surgery(手术室)
4)-ory, 表示”工作场所,住处” factory, dormitory, laboratory, observatory
(4) 带有学术,科技含义
1)-grapy, 表示”……学,写法” biography, calligraphy, geography
2)-ic, ics, 表示”……学……法” logic, mechanics, optics, electronics
3)-ology, 表示”……学……论”biology, zoology, technology(工艺学)
4)-nomy, 表示”……学……术” astronomy, economy, bionomy(生态学)
5)-ery, 表示”学科,技术” chemistry, cookery, machinery
6)-y, 表示”……学,术,法” photography, philosophy
(5) 表示人和事物的总和,集合含义
1)-age, baggage, tonnage
2)-dom, newspaperdom(新闻界)
3)-hood, neighbourhood, womanhood
4)-ery, cavalry, ministry(内阁)
5)-ure, legislature, judicature
(6) 表示物品和物质名称的含义
1)-ant, ent, solvent, constant
2)-al, signal, pictorial(画报)
3)ar, collar, pillar(石柱)
4)- er, boiler, computer, washer, cooker
5)-ery, drapery(绸缎)
6)-ing, clothing, matting,
7)-ment, instrument, equipment, attachment
(7) 表示“细小”的含义
1)-cle, particle,
2)-cule, molecule(分子)
3)-el, parcel
4)-en, chicken, maiden
5)-et, pocket, ticket
6)-etta, -ette, etto, cigarette, essayette(短文)
7)-kin, napkin
8)-ling, duckling,
9)-let, booklet
10)-y, baby, doggy

2. 形容词后缀
(1)带有“属性,倾向,相关”的含义
1)-able, -ible, movable, comfortable, applicable, visible, responsible
2)-al, natural, additional, educational
3)-an, ane, urban, suburban, republican
4)-ant, -ent, distant, important, excellent
5)-ar, similar, popular, regular
6)-ary, military, voluntary
7)-ice, -atie, ical, politic, systematic, historic, physical,
8)-ine, masculine, feminine, marine
9)-ing, moving, touching, daring
10)-ish, foolish, bookish, selfish
11)-ive, active, impressive, decisive
12)-ory, satisfactory, compulsory
13)-il, -ile, -eel, fragile, genteel(文雅的)
(2) 表示“相象,类似”的含义
1)-ish, boyish, childish
2)-esque, picturesque
3)-like, manlike, childlike
4)-ly, manly, fatherly, scholarly, motherly
5)-some, troublesome, handsome
6)-y, milky, pasty
(3) 表示“充分的”含义
1)-ful, beautiful, wonderful, helpful, truthful
2)-ous, dangerous, generous, courageous, various
3)-ent, violent,
(4) 表示由某种物质形成,制成或生产的含义
1)-en, wooden, golden, woolen
2)-ous, gaseous
3)-fic, scientific
(5) 表示方向的含义
1)-ern, eastern, western
2)-ward, downward, forward
(6) 表示“倍数”的含义
1)-ble, double, treble
2)ple, triple
3)-fold, twofold, tenfold
(7) 表示“数量关系”的含义
1)-teen, thirteen
2)-ty, fifty
3)-th, fourth, fiftieth
(8) 表示国籍,语种,宗教的含义
1)-an, Roman, European
2)-ese, Chinese,
3)-ish, English, Spanish
(9) 表示“比较程度”的含义
1)-er, greater
2)-ish, reddish, yellowish
3)-est, highest
4)-most, foremost, topmost
(10)其他的含义
-less, 表示否定,countless, stainless, wireless

3. 动词后缀
1)-ize, ise, 表示”做成,变成,……化“modernize, mechanize, democratize, organize
2)-en, 表示”使成为,引起,使有” quicken, weaken, soften, harden
3)-fy, 表示”使……化, 使成”beautify, purify, intensify, signify, simplify
4)-ish, 表示”使,令” finish, abolish, diminish, establish
5)-ate, 表示“成为……,处理,作用” separate, operate, indicate

4. 副词后缀
1)-ly, possibly, swiftly, simply
2)-ward, -wards, downward, inwards, upward
3)-ways, always, sideways
4)-wise, otherwise, clockwise

4. 其他后缀

1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,
2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,
3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,
4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,
5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biology, bionics(仿生学)
6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)
7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity
8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)
9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)
10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim
11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include
12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture
13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord
14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)
15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict
16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document
17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)
18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty, perfect
19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence
20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)
21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine
22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)
23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)
24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex
25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish
26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform
27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort
28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation
29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, photograph
30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, progress
31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit
32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion
33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject
34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)
35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)
36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate
37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture
38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live
39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)
40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger
41) loqu, locut, 含义是“说话” colloquial, eloquent,
42) mand, mend, 含义是“命令” command, demand, recommend
43) man, manu, 含义是“手,手法” manage, manual
44) memor, menber, 含义是“记忆” memory, remember, memorial
45) mind, ment, 含义是“心” mind, remind, mental
46) merc, merch, 含义是“贸易” commerce, merchant
47) meas, mens, meter, metr, 含义是“测量,度量” measure, meter, diameter
48) min, 含义是“小” diminish, minority
49) miss, mit, 含义是“派遣,送” mission, dismiss, transmit, missile
50) mob, mot, mov, 含义是“动” movement, motion, mobile, remove
51) nect, nex, 含义是“捆扎” connect, disconnect, annex(合并)
52) not, 含义是“记号,注意” note, denote, annotation(注释)
53) onom, onym, 含义是“名字” synonym, antonym, anonymous
54) pair, par, 含义是“a)相同,对等b)准备” compare, prepare
55) pel, puls, 含义是“追逐” expel, impel(推进)
56) pend, pens, pond, 含义是“悬挂” depend, independent, expense(支付)
57) phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone
58) plac, 含义是“位置,场所” place, replace
59) peopl, popul, publ, 含义是“人民,民众” public, republic, popular, people
60) port, 含义是“搬运” export, import, deport(输送)
61) press, 含义是“压,压制” pressure, express, oppress, impression
62) prob, proof, prov, 含义是“实验,验证” prove, approve,
63) quer, quest, quir, quis, 含义是“寻找,探问” inquiry, question, inquisition(调查,追究)
64) rang, rank, 含义是“排列” arrange, rank,
65) rect, right, rig, 含义是“正,直” correct, direct, erect
66) riv, 含义是“河流,流远”,river, arrive, derive
67) rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption
68) sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious
69) scrib, script, 含义是“书写,记录” describe, script
70) sens, sent, 含义是“感觉,情感” sensation, sentiment
71) sign, 含义是“标记,符号” signal, signature, design
72) sembl, simil, 含义是“相似,类似” similar, resemble, assimilate(同化)
73) soci, 含义是“结合,社交” social, association
74) spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous, respect
75) struct, 含义是“建筑,构造” structure, construct, instruct, destruction
76) tect, teg, 含义是“遮蔽,掩盖” detect, protect
77) temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal
78) tend, tes, tent, 含义是“倾向, 伸张” tendency, intension, extend, intend
79) test, 含义是“证明,证实” testify, protest, contest(争论)
80) text, 含义是“编织, 构成” textile, texture, context
81) tract, trail, 含义是“拖拉,吸引” attract, tractor, abstract, contract(收缩)
82) tribut, 含义是“给予” contribution, distribute
83) us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse
84) vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空)
85) vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)
86) vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转), reverse, divert(使转向)
87) vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident, interview, survey
88) viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival,
89) war, ward, 含义是“注意,保护” aware, wary(谨慎), ward(守护)
90) way, 含义是“路” way, away, subway, always

该日志未加标签
发表于 2007-01-06 15:03:53 目录:英语学习 [RSS 2.0] 您可以评论. Pinging 不可用.
  • 相关阅读
  • homezz 美国专业主机商
    板凳还空着的
    评论分页: 1
    (Required)
    (Required, not published)
    如果留言未显示无需重复留言,我将为你恢复!